LATAM Airlines Brasil
LATAM Airlines Brasil, formerly TAM Airlines, is the Brazilian brand of LATAM Airlines Group. The merger of TAM with LAN Airlines was completed on June 22, 2012.
According to the National Civil Aviation Agency of Brazil (ANAC), between January and December 2017, LATAM had 32.6% of the domestic, and 74.9% of the international market share in terms of passenger-kilometers flown, making it the second largest domestic and largest international airline in Brazil.
Azul Linhas Aéreas Brasileiras S/A (Azul Brazilian Airlines; or simply Azul) is a Brazilian carrier based in Barueri, a suburb of São Paulo. The company’s business model is to stimulate demand by providing frequent and affordable air service to underserved markets throughout Brazil. The company was named Azul (“Blue” in Portuguese) after a naming contest in 2008, where “Samba” was the other popular name. It was established on May 5, 2008 by Brazilian-born David Neeleman (founder of American low-cost airline JetBlue), with a fleet of 76 Embraer 195 jets. The airline began service on December 15, 2008.
According to Brazilian Civil Aviation Authority (ANAC), between January and December 2017 Azul had 17.8% of the domestic and 11.8% of the international market shares in terms of revenue passenger kilometers (RPK), making it the third largest domestic and second largest international airline in Brazil.
GOL Airlines Brasil
Gol Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes S.A (“Gol Intelligent Airlines S.A.”) is a Brazilian airline based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
According to the National Civil Aviation Agency of Brazil (ANAC), between January and December 2017 Gol had 36.2% of the domestic and 10.8% of the international market shares in terms of passengers per kilometer flown, making it the largest domestic and third largest international airline in Brazil. Gol competes in Brazil and other South American countries with Chilean LATAM Airlines Group, Brazilian Azul and Colombia-based Avianca Holdings S.A. It also owns the brand Varig, although now that name refers to what is informally known as the “new” Varig, founded in 2006, not to the extinct “old” Varig airline, founded in 1927.